VMware – Memo

 

Commandes utiles

 

Convertir un disque VDI VirtualBox en VMDK VMware et réciproquement

 
L’outil nécessaire à cette conversion se nomme QEMU disk image utility et est fourni :

 

VDI vers VMDK

qemu-img convert -f vdi -O vmdk inputfilename.vdi outputfilename.vmdk

ex :

Sous Windows :
# qemu-img.exe convert -f vdi -O vmdk C:\VMs\debiantest.vdi C:\VMs\debiantest.vmdk
Sous Linux :
# qemu-img convert -f vdi -O vmdk VMs/debiantest.vdi VMs/debiantest.vmdk

 

VMDK vers VDI

qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O vdi inputfilename.vmdk outputfilename.vdi

ex :

Sous Windows :
# qemu-img.exe convert -f vmdk -O vdi C:\VMs\debiantest.vmdk C:\VMs\debiantest.vdi
Sous Linux :
# qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O vdi VMs/debiantest.vmdk VMs/debiantest.vdi

 

Créer une machine virtuelle à partir d’une image disque VMDK existante

 
La procédure suivante est donnée à titre indicatif, les choix devant être adaptés en fonction des besoins.

File > New Virtual Machine...

What type of configuration do you want?
Custom (advanced) > Next

Virtual machine hardware compatibility
> Next

Install from:
I will install the operating system later.
The virtual machine will be created with a blank hard disk. > Next

Guest operating system
Linux
Version
Debian 8.x > Next

Virtual machine name:
debiantest
Location:
D:\Machines Virtuelles\Images VMWare\debiantest > Next

The specified location appears to contain an existing virtual machine. Having two virtual machines installed in the same location can cause problems, including loss of data if the two virtual machines have the same name. Would you like to continue with this location?
> Continue

Number of processors:
1
Number of cores per processor:
1
Total processor cores:
1 > Next

Memory for this virtual machine:
512 MB > Next

Network connection
Use network address translation (NAT)
Give the guest operating system access to the host computer's dial-up or external Ethernet network connection using the host's IP address > Next

SCSI Controller:
LSI Logic (Recommended) > Next

Virtual disk type
SCSI (Recommended) > Next

Disk
Use an existing virtual disk
Choose this option to reuse a previously configured disk. > Next

Existing Disk File
D:\Machines Virtuelles\Images VMWare\debiantest\debiantest.vmdk > Next

Convert existing virtual disk to newer format?

The chosen virtual disk can be converted to the newest format supported by this Workstation 12.0 virtual machine. However, after conversion the virtual disk will be unusable with older virtual machines.
> Keep Existing Format

Click Finish to create the virtual machine. Then you can install Debian 8.x.
> Finish

 
A la suite de cette procédure, les fichiers propres à VMware et associés au disque image VMDK utilisé sont créés :

Et la machine virtuelle est maintenant disponible dans la liste des hôtes :

 

Installer les VMware Tools sur système Linux

 
Lors de l’ajout d’une nouvelle machine virtuelle, un assistant apparait en bas de l’écran et nous propose d’installer les VMware Tools :

Il faut donc cliquer sur Install Tools, ce qui aura pour effet de monter le disque d’installation des outils VMware dans /media/cdrom0/.
Ceci est équivalent à cliquer sur VM > Install VMware Tools…

Une fenêtre apparait pour nous proposer de visualiser les fichiers du disque ainsi monté :


Toutefois nous n’utiliserons pas l’explorateur de fichiers. Il faut maintenant ouvrir un terminal et exécuter la procédure suivante :

# cd /media/cdrom0/
# ls
manifest.txt     VMwareTools-10.0.10-4301679.tar.gz  vmware-tools-upgrader-64
run_upgrader.sh  vmware-tools-upgrader-32
# tar -zxvf VMwareTools-10.0.10-4301679.tar.gz -C /home/adminsys/
# cd /home/adminsys/vmware-tools-distrib/
# ls
bin  doc  FILES    installer  vgauth             vmware-install.real.pl
caf  etc  INSTALL  lib        vmware-install.pl
# ./vmware-install.pl
(logs d'installation )
open-vm-tools are available from the OS vendor and VMware recommends using 
open-vm-tools. See http://kb.vmware.com/kb/2073803 for more information.
Do you still want to proceed with this legacy installer? [no] yes

Creating a new VMware Tools installer database using the tar4 format.

Installing VMware Tools.

In which directory do you want to install the binary files? 
[/usr/bin] 

What is the directory that contains the init directories (rc0.d/ to rc6.d/)? 
[/etc] 

What is the directory that contains the init scripts? 
[/etc/init.d] 

In which directory do you want to install the daemon files? 
[/usr/sbin] 

In which directory do you want to install the library files? 
[/usr/lib/vmware-tools] 

The path "/usr/lib/vmware-tools" does not exist currently. This program is 
going to create it, including needed parent directories. Is this what you want?
[yes] 

In which directory do you want to install the common agent library files? 
[/usr/lib] 

In which directory do you want to install the common agent transient files? 
[/var/lib] 

In which directory do you want to install the documentation files? 
[/usr/share/doc/vmware-tools] 

The path "/usr/share/doc/vmware-tools" does not exist currently. This program 
is going to create it, including needed parent directories. Is this what you 
want? [yes] 

The installation of VMware Tools 10.0.10 build-4301679 for Linux completed 
successfully. You can decide to remove this software from your system at any 
time by invoking the following command: "/usr/bin/vmware-uninstall-tools.pl".

Before running VMware Tools for the first time, you need to configure it by 
invoking the following command: "/usr/bin/vmware-config-tools.pl". Do you want 
this program to invoke the command for you now? [yes] 

Initializing...


Making sure services for VMware Tools are stopped.

Stopping VMware Tools services in the virtual machine:
   Guest operating system daemon:                                      done
   VMware User Agent (vmware-user):                                    done
   Unmounting HGFS shares:                                             done
   Guest filesystem driver:                                            done
Stopping Thinprint services in the virtual machine:
   Stopping Virtual Printing daemon:                                   done


update-rc.d: warning: start and stop actions are no longer supported; falling back to defaults
insserv: Service cups has to be enabled to start service vmware-tools-thinprint
insserv: exiting now!
update-rc.d: error: insserv rejected the script header
WARNING: The installer initially used the 'udpate-rc.d' to setup the 
vmware-tools service.  That command cannot be found.  Please re-install the 
'sysv-rc' package.  This script will now attempt to manually setup the 
vmware-tools service.The module vmci has already been installed on this system by another installer 
or package and will not be modified by this installer.

The module vsock has already been installed on this system by another installer
or package and will not be modified by this installer.

The module vmxnet3 has already been installed on this system by another 
installer or package and will not be modified by this installer.

The module pvscsi has already been installed on this system by another 
installer or package and will not be modified by this installer.

The module vmmemctl has already been installed on this system by another 
installer or package and will not be modified by this installer.

The VMware Host-Guest Filesystem allows for shared folders between the host OS 
and the guest OS in a Fusion or Workstation virtual environment.  Do you wish 
to enable this feature? [yes] 


Before you can compile modules, you need to have the following installed... 

make
gcc
kernel headers of the running kernel


Searching for GCC...
Detected GCC binary at "/usr/bin/gcc".
The path "/usr/bin/gcc" appears to be a valid path to the gcc binary.
Would you like to change it? [no] 

Searching for a valid kernel header path...
Detected the kernel headers at "/lib/modules/3.16.0-4-586/build/include".
The path "/lib/modules/3.16.0-4-586/build/include" appears to be a valid path 
to the 3.16.0-4-586 kernel headers.
Would you like to change it? [no] 

make: Entering directory '/tmp/modconfig-gwlVqK/vmhgfs-only'
Using kernel build system.
/usr/bin/make -C /lib/modules/3.16.0-4-586/build/include/.. SUBDIRS=$PWD SRCROOT=$PWD/. \
  MODULEBUILDDIR= modules
make[1]: Entering directory '/usr/src/linux-headers-3.16.0-4-586'
make[1]: Entering directory `/usr/src/linux-headers-3.16.0-4-586'
  CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-gwlVqK/vmhgfs-only/message.o
  CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-gwlVqK/vmhgfs-only/dir.o
  CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-gwlVqK/vmhgfs-only/request.o
  CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-gwlVqK/vmhgfs-only/hgfsUtil.o
  CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-gwlVqK/vmhgfs-only/cpName.o
  CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-gwlVqK/vmhgfs-only/link.o
  CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-gwlVqK/vmhgfs-only/rpcout.o
  CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-gwlVqK/vmhgfs-only/stubs.o
  CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-gwlVqK/vmhgfs-only/hgfsEscape.o
  CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-gwlVqK/vmhgfs-only/file.o
  CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-gwlVqK/vmhgfs-only/transport.o
  CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-gwlVqK/vmhgfs-only/module.o
  CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-gwlVqK/vmhgfs-only/backdoorGcc32.o
  CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-gwlVqK/vmhgfs-only/super.o
  CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-gwlVqK/vmhgfs-only/bdhandler.o
  CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-gwlVqK/vmhgfs-only/fsutil.o
  CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-gwlVqK/vmhgfs-only/cpNameLinux.o
  CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-gwlVqK/vmhgfs-only/hgfsBd.o
  CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-gwlVqK/vmhgfs-only/filesystem.o
  CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-gwlVqK/vmhgfs-only/page.o
  CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-gwlVqK/vmhgfs-only/backdoor.o
  CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-gwlVqK/vmhgfs-only/inode.o
  CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-gwlVqK/vmhgfs-only/dentry.o
  CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-gwlVqK/vmhgfs-only/cpNameLite.o
  CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-gwlVqK/vmhgfs-only/kernelStubsLinux.o
  LD [M]  /tmp/modconfig-gwlVqK/vmhgfs-only/vmhgfs.o
  Building modules, stage 2.
  MODPOST 1 modules
  CC      /tmp/modconfig-gwlVqK/vmhgfs-only/vmhgfs.mod.o
  LD [M]  /tmp/modconfig-gwlVqK/vmhgfs-only/vmhgfs.ko
make[1]: Leaving directory '/usr/src/linux-headers-3.16.0-4-586'
/usr/bin/make -C $PWD SRCROOT=$PWD/. \
  MODULEBUILDDIR= postbuild
make[1]: Entering directory '/tmp/modconfig-gwlVqK/vmhgfs-only'
make[1]: 'postbuild' is up to date.
make[1]: Leaving directory '/tmp/modconfig-gwlVqK/vmhgfs-only'
cp -f vmhgfs.ko ./../vmhgfs.o
make: Leaving directory '/tmp/modconfig-gwlVqK/vmhgfs-only'

The vmxnet driver is no longer supported on kernels 3.3 and greater. Please 
upgrade to a newer virtual NIC. (e.g., vmxnet3 or e1000e)

The vmblock enables dragging or copying files between host and guest in a 
Fusion or Workstation virtual environment.  Do you wish to enable this feature?
[yes] 

VMware automatic kernel modules enables automatic building and installation of
VMware kernel modules at boot that are not already present. This feature can
be enabled/disabled by re-running vmware-config-tools.pl.

Would you like to enable VMware automatic kernel modules?
[no] 


Disabling timer-based audio scheduling in pulseaudio.

Do you want to enable Guest Authentication (vgauth)? Enabling vgauth is needed 
if you want to enable Common Agent (caf). [yes] 



Detected X server version 1.16.4



Distribution provided drivers for Xorg X server are used.

Skipping X configuration because X drivers are not included.

Creating a new initrd boot image for the kernel.
update-initramfs: Generating /boot/initrd.img-3.16.0-4-586
Generating the key and certificate files.
Successfully generated the key and certificate files.
   Checking acpi hot plug                                              done
Starting VMware Tools services in the virtual machine:
   Switching to guest configuration:                                   done
   Guest filesystem driver:                                            done
   Mounting HGFS shares:                                              failed
   Blocking file system:                                               done
   Guest operating system daemon:                                      done
   VGAuthService:                                                      done
   Starting Virtual Printing daemon:                                   done
The configuration of VMware Tools 10.0.10 build-4301679 for Linux for this 
running kernel completed successfully.

You must restart your X session before any mouse or graphics changes take 
effect.

You can now run VMware Tools by invoking "/usr/bin/vmware-toolbox-cmd" from the
command line.

To enable advanced X features (e.g., guest resolution fit, drag and drop, and 
file and text copy/paste), you will need to do one (or more) of the following:
1. Manually start /usr/bin/vmware-user
2. Log out and log back into your desktop session; and,
3. Restart your X session.

Enjoy,

--the VMware team

Found VMware Tools CDROM mounted at /media/cdrom0. Ejecting device /dev/sr0 ...
# reboot
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