Vagrant – Vagrantfile memo

Fichier Vagrantfile par défaut

# -*- mode: ruby -*-
# vi: set ft=ruby :

# All Vagrant configuration is done below. The "2" in Vagrant.configure
# configures the configuration version (we support older styles for
# backwards compatibility). Please don't change it unless you know what
# you're doing.
Vagrant.configure("2") do |config|
  # The most common configuration options are documented and commented below.
  # For a complete reference, please see the online documentation at

  # Every Vagrant development environment requires a box. You can search for
  # boxes at = "base"

  # Disable automatic box update checking. If you disable this, then
  # boxes will only be checked for updates when the user runs
  # `vagrant box outdated`. This is not recommended.
  # config.vm.box_check_update = false

  # Create a forwarded port mapping which allows access to a specific port
  # within the machine from a port on the host machine. In the example below,
  # accessing "localhost:8080" will access port 80 on the guest machine.
  # NOTE: This will enable public access to the opened port
  # "forwarded_port", guest: 80, host: 8080

  # Create a forwarded port mapping which allows access to a specific port
  # within the machine from a port on the host machine and only allow access
  # via to disable public access
  # "forwarded_port", guest: 80, host: 8080, host_ip: ""

  # Create a private network, which allows host-only access to the machine
  # using a specific IP.
  # "private_network", ip: ""

  # Create a public network, which generally matched to bridged network.
  # Bridged networks make the machine appear as another physical device on
  # your network.
  # "public_network"

  # Share an additional folder to the guest VM. The first argument is
  # the path on the host to the actual folder. The second argument is
  # the path on the guest to mount the folder. And the optional third
  # argument is a set of non-required options.
  # config.vm.synced_folder "../data", "/vagrant_data"

  # Provider-specific configuration so you can fine-tune various
  # backing providers for Vagrant. These expose provider-specific options.
  # Example for VirtualBox:
  # config.vm.provider "virtualbox" do |vb|
  #   # Display the VirtualBox GUI when booting the machine
  #   vb.gui = true
  #   # Customize the amount of memory on the VM:
  #   vb.memory = "1024"
  # end
  # View the documentation for the provider you are using for more
  # information on available options.

  # Enable provisioning with a shell script. Additional provisioners such as
  # Puppet, Chef, Ansible, Salt, and Docker are also available. Please see the
  # documentation for more information about their specific syntax and use.
  # config.vm.provision "shell", inline: <<-SHELL
  #   apt-get update
  #   apt-get install -y apache2

Configuration de base définissant la version de l'API

Vagrant.configure("2") do |config|


Définition de la box Vagrant de base = "primalskill/ubuntu-trusty64"


Définition du nom d'hôte de la machine Vagrant

config.vm.hostname = "linuxsrv1"


Définition d'une adresse IP sur un réseau privé = "private_network", ip: ""


Création d'un mappage de ports entre host et guest :forwarded_port, guest: 80, host: 8931, auto_correct: true


Montage d'un volume de type bind

config.vm.synced_folder "./", "/var/www", create: true, group: "www-data", owner: "www-data"


Définition des specifications techniques de la VM VirtualBox (provider)

config.vm.provider "virtualbox" do |v| = "Machine de test"
    v.customize ["modifyvm", :id, "--memory", "1024"]


Définition d'un provisionneur de type Shell inline

Vagrant.configure("2") do |config| = "learningchef/centos65"
  config.vm.provision "shell",
    inline: "yum install -y git nano"


$myscript = <<MYSCRIPT
yum install -y git
yum install -y nano

Vagrant.configure("2") do |config| = "learningchef/centos65"
  config.vm.provision "shell",
    inline: $myscript


Définition d'un provisionneur de type Shell externe

Vagrant.configure("2") do |config| = "learningchef/centos65"
  config.vm.provision "shell",
    path: "/vagrant/scripts/"
Vagrant.configure("2") do |config| = "learningchef/centos65"
  config.vm.provision "shell",
    path: ""
Vagrant.configure("2") do |config| = "learningchef/centos65"
  config.vm.provision "shell" do |s|
    s.path "provision/"


Définition d'un provisioning de type file

config.vm.provision "file",
  source: "/vagrant/files/git-config",
  destination: "~/.gitconfig"


Désactivation des mises à jour automatique des Guest Addition Tools de VirtualBox

Le plugin vagrant-vbguest doit avoir été installé au préalable.

config.vbguest.auto_update = false


Définir plusieurs VMs

Vagrant.configure("2") do |config|
  config.vm.provision "shell", inline: "echo Hello"

  config.vm.define "web" do |web| = "apache"

  config.vm.define "db" do |db| = "mysql"
Vagrant.configure("2") do |config| = "learningchef/centos65"
  config.vbguest.auto_update = false
  config.vm.provision "file", source: "/vagrant/files/git-config", destination: "~/.gitconfig"
  config.vm.provision "shell", path: ""

 config.vm.define "web" do |web|
    web.vm.hostname = "web-server" "forwarded_port", guest: 80, host: 8080 "private_network", ip: ""
    web.vm.provision "shell", path: ""

  config.vm.define "db" do |db|
    db.vm.hostname = "database-server" "private_network", ip: ""
    db.vm.provision "shell", path: ""